Makov is a medium size village and popular tourist destination lying in the north-western part of central Slovakia. Situated in a beautiful small valley squeezed between the mountain ranges of Javorníky and Turzovská vrchovina near the spring of the River Kysuca in one of the Slovak Republic’s numerous richly forested mountainous areas, Makov belongs among the Upper Kysuce region’s best known places famous for their picturesqueness, untouched nature, favourable climate, extensive spruce forests, excellent skiing conditions, exciting hiking trails, mountainous scenery, breathtaking views, and, last but by no means least, cordial and hospitable local people. The region of Kysuce, which owes its name to the silvery River Kysuca, is one of those charming places the mountain-loving Slovaks are known to be so passionately devoted to and fond of. When it comes to spending a refreshing skiing or hiking holiday in their own country, Makov and the region of Kysuce can successfully compete with such high-profile holiday destinations as the High and Low Tatras or the Slovak Paradise.
Geography and Climate
The village lies between 580 metres and 1,000 metres above sea level. A gateway to the Upper Kysuce region in the south-western part of the Čadca district, Makov (1,875 inhabitants) came into existence as a separate administrative unit following the merger of parts of seven smaller surrounding villages in 1895. The westernmost edge of Makov’s 4,606 hectare cadastre borders with the Czech Republic’s region of Moravia. The first written evidence of Makov’s existence after the foundation of the settlement called Viszoka-Makov dates back to the year 1720. The whole area of Makov and its surroundings is of hilly to mountainous character, with the highest mountain of the Makov part of the Upper Kysuce region - Veľký Javorník - reaching 1,071 metres above sea level. In the mountain’s immediate vicinity lies a popular destination of hikers and skiers – the mountain resort Kasárne - with family hotels, ski lifts and unique climatic conditions thanks to the clean air, coniferous forests, high altitude and ideal sun-to-rain(snow) ratio. The National Nature Reserve Veľký Javorník is famous for its fir-beech primeval forests. Several surrounding mountains of the Javorníky ridge reach or exceed 1,000m above sea level. Average annual precipitation ranges from 900 mm to 1200 mm or more, depending on altitude and exposure to mostly north-westerly winds that bring moisture-laden air to the region throughout the whole year at fairly convenient intervals. The climate of the mountain resort Kasárne has been proved to offer curative effects comparable to the traditional health resorts in the High Tartars to asthma patients and other allergy and respiratory disease sufferers. Weather extremes, if any, tend to be benign and rare, causing no damage to man-made structures or nature. The average temperature for July (the warmest month) ranges between 12°C and 16°C while the average temperature in the coldest month - January - is -7ºC. Permanent snow cover stays on the average for 90 – 120 days. The protected wildlife species of the Javorníky mountain range include lynx, brown bear and wolf. The village of Makov’s five administrative parts are Ústredie, Potok, Čierne, Kopanice and Trojačka. Immersed in lush greenery and inhabited by nature-minded friendly people, the overall impression Makov leaves on visitors is that of an attractive, clean and well-kept Slovakian village with food shops, culture centre, beautiful church and both neat modern family houses and traditional well-preserved wooden log cottages called “drevenice”.